07 February 2019

7th February 1870 - Alfred Adler was born

 Alfred Adler was born in Rudolfsheim, Austria on 7th February 1870. Adler was an early associate of Sigmund Freud, but broke with Freud in 1911. He was a physician, psychotherapist, and the founder of Adlerian psychology, sometimes called individual psychology. He thought that in order to understand individuals, we have to take them as wholes rather than as parts.

A primary difference between Adler and Freud centered on Adler's contention that the social realm is as important to psychology as is the internal realm. He is considered the first community psychologist, because his work pioneered attention to community life, prevention, and population health.

He thought we have a desire to fulfill our potential, to realize our ideals (towards a 'perfection'). This motivation is a matter of moving toward the future, rather than a product of our past.

Another basic motivation was compensation. Since we all have issues and shortcomings as people, our personalities develop through the ways in which we do (or do not) compensate for or overcome these challenges.

He is also remembered for his concept of the inferiority complex, which he believed played a major part in the formation of personality. A feeling of general inferiority perhaps gained through failure in early life may lead to self doubt and the individual becoming shy timid and self-effacing. Whereas others can develop a superiority complex, as an act of overcompensation.

In Wikipedia it says "Much of Adler’s theories have been absorbed into modern psychology without attribution. Psychohistorian Henri F. Ellenberger writes, 'It would not be easy to find another author from which so much has been borrowed on all sides without acknowledgement than Alfred Adler.'"

For more read Alfred Adler - Wikipedia. Thankyou to Wikipedia_February 7 for the date.

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