03 April 2019

3rd April 1860 - Frederik van Eeden born


Frederik van Eeden was born on 3rd April 1860. He was a Dutch novelist, dramatist, poet and critic who also studied medicine and became interested in psychiatry and established the first clinic of abnormal psychology in Holland.

He was also the first person to use the phrase Lucid Dream. In Dreams by Frederik van Eeden he distinguishes seven types of dreams and says "In these lucid dreams ... the sleeper reaches a state of perfect awareness, and is able to direct his attention, and to attempt different acts of free volition. Yet the sleep ... is undisturbed..." He also wrote about dreams in the novel The Bride of Dreams.

Van Eeden also incorporated his psychiatric practice into his later writings including the novel Van de koele meren des doods (The Deeps of Deliverance). It follows the life of his heroine Hedwig who is beset by melancholy from an early age.

Van Eeden wanted a better society and set up a commune in line with his social ideas.

Picture is  Zhuangzi dreaming of a butterfly (or a butterfly dreaming of Zhuangzi) from Wikipedia. Thankyou to Wikipedia 3rd April for the date.

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